How much malware for Mac is there?
The amount of Mac-specific malware remains negligible compared to other platforms (namely Windows). However, Mac malware is steadily on the rise and it is not just about the numbers anymore. Today a well thought-out and targeted malware can cause damage on an unprotected Mac.
Does my Mac need an antivirus?
The truth is that no operating system is 100% secure. Even if it was, vulnerabilities in applications, such as Java/Java Virtual Machine, can be exploited by malware. A high-performing antivirus adds layers of security, decreasing the exposure to potential threats.
Is Mac OS X malware a recent development?
The first examples of Mac OS X malware go back to 2004 with the detection of OSX/Opener (Renepo). OSX/Leap.A followed in 2006, along with other forms of threats developed against Mac OS X.
Is my Mac vulnerable to Windows malware?
Windows malware does not pose any danger to your Mac, even though a Mac can act as a carrier. This means that you can unwittingly pass along infected files from your Mac to other devices.
Does malware pose a threat for Mac OS X?
In recent years, ESET Malware Research Lab has detected and identified over ten new malware families specifically targeting the Mac OS X platform. For instance Flashback trojan that has infected hundreds of thousands of Mac machines.
Mac Malware on the rise
The history of Mac malware began in 2004 with Opener (Renepo), a shell script featuring both backdoor and spyware functionality. During the following years others arrived including the first true OS X worm called Leap and the first scareware, MacSweep.
2011 brought the Flashback Trojan, which formed the largest Mac botnet to date. The attackers used social engineering to entice users to download and install a fake Adobe Flash Player update.
In early 2016 researchers spotted KeRanger, the first ransomware targeting Mac users, which encrypted precious personal and work files with unbreakable cryptographic algorithms.